Shin Splints

Diagnosis of Shin Splints:

The history of the event that triggered the pain is an important clue. A clinical assessment that includes gentle pressure on the shin area and a variety of special tests will be conducted by the physical therapist. Stress fractures, compartment syndrome, nerve entrapment and popliteal artery entrapment are a few of the conditions that must be considered.

Treatment of Shin Splints:

Foundations of treatment include ice and rest.

Gait and footwear analysis

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An analysis of how a person walks and runs is an important part of treatment. The wrong mechanism of walking can transmit a great deal of force through the shin to the knee and hip. In such situations, physical therapists will correct gait patterns and recommend footwear with shock absorbing capacity.

Muscle stretches and strengthening

The tibial and peroneal muscles are attached to the shin and must be stretched adequately before any form of exercise. Physical therapy includes various stretches of the foot that will help stretch and warm up these muscles. Strengthening the damaged muscles can also help.

Activity modification

Physical therapists may suggest alternative activities to minimize stress on the shinbones. These can include swimming and cycling.

Range of motion exercises

Exercises for the hip, knee, ankle and foot improve blood circulation, reduce inflammation and relieve pain.

Arch support

The absence or collapse of a normal foot arch can lead to shin splints. Physical therapists will recommend appropriate orthotics that can be custom made for the patient and provide the appropriate amount of arch support.

The Recovery Phase

The recovery phase varies and can take between 3 weeks to 6 months. Take it easy and work your way back to your favorite activities under the supervision of the physical therapist. Low or non-impact activities such as swimming, walking, bicycling can pave the way for progressive, load bearing exercises.

The shin splint has healed when:

  • The affected limb has regained strength and flexibility and is now comparable to the unaffected limb.

  • There is no pain while jogging, sprinting and jumping

  • X-rays reveal healed stress fractures

Tips for Prevention of Shin Splints:

  • Individuals with flat feet should wear well-padded shoes.

  • Warming up the limbs and body followed by stretching is recommended.

  • Wear a neoprene sleeve to keep the lower leg warm

  • At the first sign of shin pain, discontinue the workout.

  • Avoid running on concrete and other hard surfaces.

  • Develop the habit of stretching periodically throughout the day.

  • Lose weight if you are overweight to relieve load on the hip, knee and shin.

Physical therapy can help you get back on your feet, and every member of our team is standing by to help you. We can help prevent further injury and pain, which is why an appointment should be scheduled at the first sign of discomfort.

The sooner you give us the opportunity to assess the injury and initiate treatment, the faster you will recover. Thank you for your time, and we look forward to helping you get back on your feet.